The fight against the British Army in the battlefield when they tried to invade the territories of Nepal during 19th century was a milestone in the history of the recruitment from Nepal. Highly impressed by the bravery of the Nepalese fighters (Gurkhas) they started recruiting Nepalese youths in their battalion. In the first and second world wars Nepalese fighters proved their bravery in the battlefields. The Nepalese have been better known for their integrity, loyalty, honesty, dedication and hard working. An agreement between the Governments of Britain, India and Nepal opened the door for the Nepalese youths getting recruitment in the British and Indian Armies. Since then British and Indian Armies are the attraction for the Nepalese youths because of the better facilities. Nepalese serving in the British Army are known as “Gurkha” soldier.
The efforts and investment of the Government in the education sector in bringing up the standard and quality of the education to the level of domestic requirement started yielding results with the production of the educated and semi educated mass. Besides this, every year a large number of grown up illiterate as well as semi-literate youths are also joining the work force seeking for the job opportunities. Realizing the imperatives of the foreign employment in the economic growth of the country Government of Nepal introduced Foreign Employment Act in 1985 and joined the employment market by sending its surplus manpower abroad for the employment. But in reality, the outflow of the Nepalese workers from the country in considerable number started after 1990. Professionally educated and talented work force is attracted towards the west for their career development and economic gains whereas vocationally skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers are finding their opportunities in the Middle East particularly in the Gulf countries. The gulf countries initially were unaware of the Nepalese manpower. Firstly, the British companies started recruiting Nepalese workers in Bahrain in mid 1980s in a small number. The employers of the Gulf countries were reluctant to recruit Nepalese workers because of the doubt they had that the Nepalese may not be able to work in the scorching heat and desert environment. Nepalese who were accustomed to hard work proved that they are able to undertake any kinds of job and in any circumstances. Now, the situation is different. Thousands of Nepalese construction workers, unskilled, semi-skilled, skilled and professionals like accountants, managers, engineers are working in many countries in the Gulf region. Recently the demands for Nepalese manpower of different categories have increased in the Gulf as well as in the East Asian countries. Presently, the major countries where a large number of Nepalese are working are India, Hong Kong, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore, Japan, Macao, United States of America, United Kingdom, Brunei, Australia, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Oman.
Through the experience gained over the years in the foreign employment, it has been seen that many countries have shown their interest in hiring the Nepalese skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled manpower because of the following reasons.
· Nepalese workers are well known for their hard work, dedication and loyalty
· The employers could get the advantage of wider choice
· Every categories of manpower are readily available
· Formalities and procedures for the recruitment are simple
· Nepalese workers are comparatively cost effective and their hiring cost is lower as compared to other labor exporting countries
· Nepalese workers are experienced in working in the extreme climatic conditions
· Nepal is situated very close to the labor importing countries and linked by air with these countries.
The categories of manpower available in Nepal are broadly classified into four groups.
· Skilled Technicians
· Semi skilled
· Engineers of different stream like computer, civil, mechanical and chemical etc.
· Medical doctors
· Scientist in various fields
· Professors/ Teachers in various fields
· Chartered / Cost Accountants
· Geologists/ Soil specialist
· Architects/ Planners
· Banking specialist
· Travel and Tour operators
· Diploma Engineers
· Laboratory technicians
· Medical assistants
· Foreman, Electrical, Mechanical, civil etc.
· Construction supervisors
· Quality Surveyors
· Building Painters, Spray Painters
· Steel fixers
· Tile fixers and Plasterers
· Pipe fitters
· Steel Fabricators
· Drivers, Heavy and Light
· Drafts men
· Waiters, Cooks and Bakers
· Security Guards
· Operators: Machine, Laundry, Shovel, Bulldozer, Power trailor, Computer
· Gold Smith
· Electric Helpers
· Mechanical helpers
· Glass cutter
· Mason helpers
· Washer men
· Office Assistants
· Assistant cook
· Kitchen helpers
· Shop assistant
· Salesmen: Timekeeper, Office boy etc.
· Construction workers
· Watch men/ Guards
· Agriculture labourers
· Industrial labourers
· Office boys
· Room Boys
Requirement for manpower recruitment
How to recruit from Nepal?
All the interested foreign employers have to recruit through the Licensed agencies registered under the Department of Labour and Employment Promotion, Government of Nepal. These agents make direct contact and negotiate with the overseas employers for procuring manpower requirements. On receipt of any authenticated vacancy demand from the overseas employer, the licensed agent applies to the Director General of Labour Department for the recruitment permission. Labour Department is the principal Government authority which supervises and monitors the recruitment process of the recruitment agencies and provides permission to export the manpower. The licensed agent should apply in the Department with the following documents for the recruitment permission.
· A copy of Power of Attorney issued by the foreign employer in favour of the recruiting agent to act on his behalf
· A copy of Demand Letter from the employer containing details of the vacancies
· A copy of the employment contract or service agreement
· Guarantee Letter to the DG of the Department of Labour & Employment Promotion
· Inter party agreement between the manpower demanding employer and the recruitment agency in Nepal
· Guarantee and Undertaking to the Embassy of Nepal
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